Construction Staking, also known as a Site Layout Survey, is the process of interpreting construction plans and marking the location of proposed new structures such as utilities, roads or buildings. Construction staking is performed to ensure a project is built according to engineering design plans.
Pre/Post Construction As-Builts
As-built surveys are needed to record variations from original Engineering plans to what is built. As-built surveys are required by many agencies to prove the location of a structure at a point in time. Many agencies need the as-built surveys for the actual locations of underground improvements.
Subsurface Utility Mapping
Subsurface Utility Mapping is mostly a map and report on existing or as-built conditions of utility infrastructure with geospatial location measurements.
Control Surveying is the determination of the precise position of a series of stations distributed over an area to serve as the origin or reference to be used for checking of subsequent surveys to be used in engineering projects like property delineation, topographic and hydrographic mapping, and construction planning and design.
Earth Work Calculations
Earthworks are engineering works created through the moving and/or processing of massive quantities of soil or unformed rock. Earthwork is done to reconfigure the topography of a site to achieve the design levels. Earthwork involves cutting and filling to achieve the required topography.
Grading in civil engineering and landscape architectural construction is the work of ensuring a level base, or one with a specified slope, for a construction work such as a foundation, the base course for a road or a railway, or landscape and garden improvements, or surface drainage.
A site plan is a “graphic representation of the arrangement of buildings, parking, drives, landscaping and any other structure that is part of a development project.” A site plan is a set of construction drawings that a builder or contractor uses to make improvements to a property. A site plan usually shows a building footprint, travel ways, parking, drainage facilities, sanitary sewer lines, water lines, trails, lighting, and landscaping and garden elements.
Settlement and Drift Monitoring
Settlement monitoring is a process where precise measurements are taken of fixed monitoring points placed on a structure or structures.